23 April 2018

Rohingya

Tak Punya Izin Tinggal, Pengungsi Rohingya Diamankan Imigrasi Jember

KONFRONTASI-Tim Pengawasan Orang Asing Kantor Imigrasi Kelas II Jember mengamankan seorang pengungsi asal Rohingya bernama Mir Ahmad Kholli Ahmad yang tidak memiliki izin tinggal di Kabupaten Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur.

Foto Rohingya Bawa Reuters Raih Pulitzer

KONFRONTASI-Reuters turut memenangkan Hadiah Pulitzer, Senin waktu setempat, untuk kategori reportase dan fotografi internasional, sedangkan New York Times dan Washington Post diganjar penghargaan ini karena mengungkap pelecehan seksual di Amerika dan investigasi keterlibatan Rusia dalam Pemilihan Presiden Amerika Serikat 2016.

How the families of 10 massacred Rohingya fled Myanmar

KONFRONTASI-Rehana Khatun dreamed her husband came home. He appeared without warning in their village in western Myanmar, outside their handsome wooden house shaded by mango trees. “He didn’t say anything,” she said. “He was only there for a few seconds, and then he was gone.” Then Rehana Khatun woke up.

She woke up in a shack of ragged tarpaulin on a dusty hillside in Bangladesh. Her husband, Nur Mohammed, is never coming home. He was one of 10 Rohingya Muslim men massacred last September by Myanmar soldiers and Rakhine Buddhists at the coastal village of Inn Din.

Rehana Khatun’s handsome wooden house is gone, too. So is everything in it. The Rohingya homes in Inn Din were burned to the ground, and what was once a close-knit community, with generations of history in Myanmar, is now scattered across the world’s largest refugee camp in Bangladesh.

A Reuters investigation in February revealed what happened to the 10 Rohingya men. On September 1, soldiers snatched them from a large group of Rohingya villagers detained by a beach near Inn Din. The next morning, according to eyewitnesses, the men were shot by the soldiers or hacked to death by their Rakhine Buddhist neighbors. Their bodies were dumped in a shallow grave.

The relatives the 10 men left behind that afternoon wouldn’t learn of the killings for many months - in some cases, not until Reuters reporters tracked them down in the refugee camps and told them what had happened. The survivors waited by the beach with rising anxiety and dread as the sun set and the men didn’t return.

This is their story. Three of them fled Inn Din while heavily pregnant. All trekked north in monsoon rain through forests and fields. Drenched and terrified, they dodged military patrols and saw villages abandoned or burning. Some saw dead bodies. They walked for days with little food or water.

They were not alone. Inn Din’s families joined nearly 700,000 Rohingya escaping a crackdown by the Myanmar military, launched after attacks by Rohingya militants on August 25. The United Nations called it “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing,” which Myanmar has denied.

On Tuesday, the military said it had sentenced seven soldiers to long prison terms for their role in the Inn Din massacre. Myanmar government spokesman Zaw Htay told Reuters the move was a “very positive step” that showed the military “won’t give impunity for those who have violated the rules of engagement.” Myanmar, he said, doesn’t allow systematic human rights abuses.

Reuters was able to corroborate many but not all details of the personal accounts in this story.

The Rohingya streamed north until they reached the banks of the Naf River. On its far shore lay Bangladesh, and safety. Many Inn Din women gave boatmen their jewelry to pay for the crossing; others begged and fought their way on board. They made the perilous crossing at night, vomiting with sickness and fear.

Now in Bangladesh, they struggle to piece together their lives without husbands, fathers, brothers and sons. Seven months have passed since the massacre, but the grief of Inn Din’s survivors remains raw. One mother told Reuters her story, then fainted.

Like Rehana Khatun, they all say they dream constantly about the dead. Some dreams are bittersweet - a husband coming home, a son praying in the mosque - and some are nightmares. One woman says she sees her husband clutching a stomach wound, blood oozing through his fingers.

Daytime brings little relief. They all remember, with tormenting clarity, the day the soldiers took their men away.

Seven Myanmar soldiers sentenced to 10 years for Rohingya massacre

KONFRONTASI-Seven Myanmar soldiers have been sentenced to “10 years in prison with hard labor in a remote area” for participating in a massacre of 10 Rohingya Muslim men in a village in northwestern Rakhine state last September, the army said on Tuesday.

The military said in a statement published on Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing’s office Facebook page that seven soldiers have had “action taken against them” for “contributing and participating in murder”.

Tujuh Tentara Myanmar Diganjar 10 Tahun Penjara Terkait Pembantaian Rohingya

KONFRONTASI-Tujuh tentara Myanmar dijatuhi "hukuman penjara 10 tahun disertai kerja paksa di sebuah daerah terpencil" karena terlibat dalam pembunuhan massal terhadap 10 pria Muslim Rohingya September tahun lalu, kata militer, Selasa.

Militer mengatakan dalam pernyataan, yang dimuat pada halaman Facebook kantor Panglima Tertinggi Min Aung Hlaing, bahwa tujuh prajurit "telah dikenai tindakan" karena "berperan dan berpartisipasi dalam pembunuhan".

Rohingya face trauma, hunger in Bangladesh camps: Aid groups

KONFRONTASI - Aid agencies say Myanmar’s persecuted Rohingya Muslim refugees are suffering from mental health issues, including suicidal thoughts at overcrowded camps in neighboring Bangladesh.

According to an assessment by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), food shortages were the most recurrent issue affecting the refugees' mental health while inadequate shelter, poor sanitation and hygiene were also frequently cited as concerns.

Nelayan Aceh Timur Temukan 5 Etnis Rohingya Terdampar di Laut

Konfrontasi - Nelayan Aceh Timur, Provinsi Aceh, menemukan Lima etnis Rohingya yang terdampar di laut. Mereka adalah warga negara Mnyanmar yang terdiri dari dua orang laki-laki dewasa, satu orang anak, serta dua orang wanita.

Komandan Pangkalan TNI AL Lhokseumawe Kolonel Laut (P) M.Sjamsul Rizal, mengatakan, mereka ditemukan oleh kapal nelayan Aceh Timur KM. Kurnia King, pada hari Senin (2/4), pukul 20.30 Wib, sekitar 176 Mil dari Kuala Idi Rayeuk, Aceh Timur.

ASEAN, Australia leaders press Myanmar over Rohingya crisis

KONFRONTASI - Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been grilled by world leaders over her inaction regarding the persecution of the minority Rohingya Muslims in her country.

Suu Kyi has been under intense global criticism for her public rejection of a brutal military crackdown that has forced nearly 700,000 of the Muslim-minority Rohingya to flee Myanmar’s Rakhine State for Bangladesh since August last year.

That campaign of state-sponsored violence originally began in late 2016.

UNHCR Pesimis dengan Kesepakatan Repatriasi Rohingya

KONFRONTASI-Kesepakatan pemulangan kembali atau repratriasi pengungsi Rohingya disambut pesimis oleh Kepala badan pengungsi PBB, UNCHR. Sebelumnya, Bangladesh dan Myanmar telah mencapai kesepakatan untuk memulangkan kembali pengungsi Rohingya pada bulan Februari lalu.

Kepala UNHCR, Filippo Grandi mengatakan, Rohingya harus diizinkan kembali ke rumah mereka di Myanmar. Namun hal itu hanya bisa dilakukan secara sukarela dan mendapatkan jaminan terhadap hak-haknya.

"Kemungkinan berkembang terhadap solusi, solusi awal, tapi ini bukan alasan bagi saya sebagai Komisaris Tinggi untuk Pengungsi untuk menyerah pada masalah ini," katanya dalam sebuah konferensi pers.

"Kami sangat sadar akan fakta bahwa situasi ini mungkin memakan waktu lama, dan karena itu kami perlu merencanakan hal ini," sambungnya seperti disitat dari Reuters, Jumat (16/3/2018).

Ketika ditanya setidaknya berapa lama etnis Rohingya tinggal di kamp mereka di Bangladesh, Grandi berkata, "Saya berharap saya tahu."

Tahun lalu ia mengunjungi bagian lain dari Myanmar dimana orang-orang terlantar terjebak di kamp selama enam atau tujuh tahun. Ia mengatakan bahwa Rohingya tidak dapat mengalami nasib yang sama dalam skala yang jauh lebih besar.

Myint Thu, sekretaris tetap di Kementerian Luar Negeri Myanmar, mengatakan pada hari Rabu bahwa 374 pengungsi dapat dipulangkan.

Myanmar shuttling Buddhists to repopulate ex-Rohingya area

KONFRONTASI - Myanmar’s government has been shuttling Buddhist nationals to repopulate the north of Rakhine State, which used to be dominated by minority Rohingya Muslims before they were driven out or killed in a campaign of state-sponsored violence.

The Buddhists, ethnic Rakhines from the south of the state, are being transferred to the state’s north, where Rohingya villages have already been torched or bulldozed to the ground.

Buddhist flags are now hung on bamboo poles at the entrance to villages.

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