25 May 2019

Pakistan

10 Orang Tewas Dalam Serangan Bom di Lahore

KONFRONTASI-Satu bom yang ditujukan kepada polisi di luar tempat suci utama Sufi di Kota Lahore, Pakistan, Rabu, menewaskan sedikitnya 10 orang dan melukai lebih dari 20 orang lagi, kata beberapa pejabat.

Ledakan tersebut, yang terjadi sehari setelah dimulainya Bulan Suci Ramadhan, terjadi di satu pos pemeriksaan polisi di dekat Data Darbar, salah satu tempat suci terbesar kaum Sufi di Asia Selatan, yang menarik puluhan ribu pelancong setahun.

Pemerintah Pakistan Ambil Alih Pengelolaan 30.000 Madrasah Guna Memerangi Wahabisme,

KONFRONTASI - Setelah memberangus jaringan ekstremis, pemerintah Pakistan mengumumkan akan segera mengambil alih 30.000 madrasah untuk dimasukkan ke dalam sistem pendidikan nasional.

Pakistan military warns Pashtun rights group its 'time is up'

KONFRONTASI- Pakistan's military has accused a prominent ethnic Pashtun rights movement of being funded by foreign intelligence services, warning its leaders that "their time is up", according to the military's spokesperson.

Major General Asif Ghafoor, speaking at a press conference at the military's headquarters in the northern city of Rawalpindi on Monday, levelled allegations that the Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) had been funded by India's Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and the Afghan intelligence agency, National Directorate for Security (NDS).

"The way they are playing into the hands of others, their time is up," he said, in the military's most forceful statement yet against a group that has faced arbitrary detentions, treason chargesagainst its leaders and a blanket ban on media coverage of its events.

"No one will be hurt and nothing illegal will be done. Everything will be done according to the law. Whatever liberties you could take, you have taken."

PTM leaders denied the charges, saying they were ready to present the group's accounts before parliament or other accountability bodies to be examined.

"These accusations are being levelled against us only because we are demanding accountability," said Mohsin Dawar, a PTM leader and member of parliament, on the floor of Pakistan's National Assembly hours after Ghafoor's press conference.

"We want accountability for targeted killings, for extrajudicial killings, for missing persons, people who have been held without charge or crime by the government. Whenever anyone speaks of these issues, they are accused of being foreign funded."

Alleged rights abuses

The PTM shot to prominence in January last year, when a long march launched to protest the extrajudicial killing of Naqeebullah Mehsud, a young Pashtun cloth seller in Karachi, attracted thousands of supporters.

The group, whose leadership is composed of rights activists from the war-torn tribal districts where Pakistan waged the bulk of its war against the Pakistan Taliban (TTP) armed group and its allies, has long agitated for accountability for alleged rights abuses committed during that fight.

Since 2007, Pakistan has launched a series of military operations, mainly in the tribal districts, targeting the TTP and its allies, who sought to impose a strict interpretation of Islamic law on the country.

An operation launched in 2014 has been successful in displacing the TTP from its previous strongholds into neighbouring Afghanistan. But while violence has fallen, sporadic attacks continue to target security forces and civilians. Pakistan says it has lost at least 6,000 soldiers in those military operations.

On Monday, military spokesperson Ghafoor said the state had been working to resolve each of these issues.The PTM has three main demands: the clearance of land mines and other unexploded ordnance from the tribal districts; an end to extrajudicial killings in Pakistan's war against armed groups; and accountability for thousands of people who have been subjected to enforced disappearances by the state.

He said that 48 teams of military engineers had cleared at least 45 percent of the tribal districts of landmines and other ordnance. At least 101 casualties had occurred during the effort, he said.

Pakistan and Iran to form rapid reaction force along border area

KONFRONTASI- Pakistan and Iran will establish a joint border security force to respond to an uptick in violence along the countries' shared border, the Iranian president has announced, as Pakistan's prime minister concludes a two-day visit to the Iranian capital.

Last week, at least 14 Pakistani security forces personnel were killed in a bus ambush that the Pakistani government blamed on Iran-based armed groups.

The incident came after a February attack in eastern Iran that killed at least 27 Iranian security personnel that Iranian authorities said was carried out by the Pakistan-based Jaish al-Adl group.

Border security was top of the agenda for Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan's visit to Tehran, where he met Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.

"Both countries [have] agreed to set up a joint rapid reaction force that will be operating on the borders of the two countries to fight terrorism," said Rouhani at a joint press conference following the talks.

Khan pledged that his government would not allow Pakistani soil to be used by armed groups against any country.

"We will not allow any militant groups to operate from our soil," he said. "This government for the first time in Pakistan's [history] is dismantling any militant group in our country".

Khan said he made the trip to Pakistan's southwestern neighbour because he felt that increasing cross-border security incidents could drive a wedge between the two countries.

"I felt the issue of terrorism was going to increase differences between our countries, so it was very important for me to come here and come with our security chief, so that we resolve this issue."

'Border region easy for groups to be active'

On Thursday, Pakistan's foreign office issued a strongly worded letter to Tehran accusing Iran of "inaction" against ethnic Baloch separatist groups allegedly based in Iran. An alliance of those groups, the Baloch Raaji Aajoi Sangar (BRAS), claimed responsibility for last week's bus attack.

On Saturday, an organisation representing the families of Iranian victims of attacks issued a letter demanding that Khan ensure greater action is taken against armed groups operating in Pakistan.

"These actions have been continually going on for several years, and, unfortunately, no serious action has been taken on the part of Islamabad to prevent them," read the letter from the Habilian Association, the Iranian Fars news agency reported.

In February, Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi, a senior Iranian security official, said Pakistan "must account" for attacks on Iranian security forces near the border, and accused Saudi Arabia, Iran's regional rival and a key Pakistani ally, of supporting those groups.

Iranian authorities say the Jaish al-Adl and Jundullah armed groups have been operating from Pakistani soil with impunity, targeting Iranian security and government targets, mainly in Sistan-Balochistan province.

Analysts say Pakistani leaders would have worked hard during the two-day visit to establish cooperation with their Iranian counterparts on the issue.

"It cannot be in Pakistan's interest, in any way, [for attacks to occur], even if Pakistan is very stupid," said Zahid Hussain, an Islamabad-based security analyst. "This is not in any way helpful for anyone."

Hussain said that Pakistan's southwestern Balochistan province, which border's Iran's Sistan-Balochistan province, is a large, sparsely populated area that is difficult to police.

"It is a vast area and the control over the area is difficult, it makes it easy for groups to be active on both sides," he said.

Pakistan Peringatkan India, Pembelian S-400 Hanya akan Perburuk Stabilitas Kawasan

KONFRONTASI-Pakistan merasa jengkel dengan kesepakatan pembelian sistem pertahanan udara S-400 senilai USD5,43 miliar yang diteken India dengan Rusia pada tahun lalu. Menteri Luar Negeri (Menlu) Pakistan Shah Mohammed Qureshi menggambarkan S-400 sebagai sistem senjata tidak stabil yang dapat mempengaruhi stabilitas strategis kawasan itu.

Qureshi pun menyerukan kekuatan global untuk "memperhatikan" tanggung jawab mereka dalam hal pasokan senjata ke wilayah tersebut.

"Pengenalan sistem senjata destabilisasi baru, seperti sistem rudal anti-balistik S-400, dapat lebih jauh menekankan tantangan pada stabilitas strategis. Mereka dapat mendorong bencana, di bawah rasa aman yang palsu," kata Qureshi seperti dikutip dari Sputnik, Kamis (11/4/2019).

Oktober lalu, India menandatangani kontrak pertahanan senilai USD5,43 miliar dengan Rusia untuk membeli lima sistem pertahanan udara S-400 meskipun ada ancaman sanksi AS. Pengiriman sistem S-400 pertama kemungkinan akan terjadi pada tahun 2020.

Pakistan segera bereaksi dengan mengklaim bahwa pembelian itu adalah bagian dari upaya India untuk memperoleh Sistem Pertahanan Rudal Balistik (BMD) melalui berbagai sumber. Pakistan menambahkan bahwa langkah itu dapat mengacaukan stabilitas strategis di Asia Selatan.

India membantah tuduhan itu, menganggap pembelian itu perlu untuk keamanan nasionalnya.

Menurut Qureshi, akuisisi besar-besaran senjata konvensional oleh India yang digabungkan dengan doktrin ofensif, seperti Cold Start, dan perluasan aset strategisnya, termasuk kapal selam nuklir, merupakan perkembangan dengan implikasi keamanan serius bagi Pakistan dan kawasan.

Ia juga menyebutkan bahwa tes ASAT baru-baru ini yang dilakukan oleh India pada 27 Maret menimbulkan kekhawatiran di Islamabad. Qureshi memperingatkan masyarakat internasional agar tidak memberikan konsesi dan berbagi teknologi canggih dengan India.

"Pengecualian khusus negara oleh Kelompok Pemasok Nuklir (NSG), telah memiliki implikasi negatif untuk stabilitas strategis di wilayah kami," ujar Qureshi.

Pakistan Tuding Partai Berkuasa di India Kobarkan Histeria Perang

KONFRONTASI-Perdana Menteri Pakistan Imran Khan menyalahkan Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) yang berkuasa di India karena "mengobarkan histeria perang" atas klaim bahwa India menjatuhkan satu pesawat F-16 Pakistan dalam kebuntuan pada Februari, dengan menyatakan bahwa kebenaran selalu merupakan kebijakan paling baik.

India-Pakistan Ribut, Afghanistan Kena Getahnya

KONFRONTASI-Pembatasan penggunaan ruang udara di Pakistan akibat ketegangan dengan India telah menyebabkan harga tiket meningkat tajam bagi warga Afghanistan yang pergi ke luar negeri untuk perawatan medis, pendidikan dan bisnis.

Facebook dan Twitter Jadi Ajang Perang Baru India-Pakistan

KONFRONTASI- Hanzala Tayyab, pegiat media sosial dari Pakistan, memimpin perang internet yang melibatkan sekitar 300 ksatria siber ultra-nasionalis melawan India sebagai musuh bebuyutan, dalam pertempuran yang semakin melibatkan raksasa teknologi global seperti Twitter dan Facebook.

Tayyab, 24 tahun, menghabiskan hari-harinya di Facebook dan ruang percakapan WhatsApp mengatur para anggota kelompok Pakistan Cyber Force untuk mempromosikan konten anti-India dan membuatnya viral, termasuk di Twitter tempat dia memiliki lebih 50.000 pengikut.

Pakistan call for peace with India as it shows off its military might

KONFRONTASI-Pakistan wants peace with India and they should focus on health and education, the Pakistani president said on Saturday during a parade to show off its military might following a tense standoff between the nuclear-armed neighbors.

Conflict between the rivals erupted last month following a suicide bomb attack claimed by a Pakistan-based militant group in the Indian party of the disputed and divided Kashmir region that killed 40 paramilitary police.

Pakistan Ingin Berdamai dengan India

KONFRONTASI-Pakistan menginginkan perdamaian dengan India, dan mereka sebaiknya menitikberatkan pada kesehatan dan pendidikan, kata Presiden Pakistan Arif Alvi pada Sabtu dalam parade untuk menunjukkan keunggulan militernya setelah kebuntuan yang menegangkan antara kedua negara bertetangga pemilik senjata nuklir.

Konflik kedua negara itu pecah bulan lalu setelah serangan bom bunuh diri yang diakui oleh kelompok militan yang berkedudukan di Pakistan di kawasan Kashmir India yang menewaskan 40 personel polisi para militer.

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