16 September 2019

Libya

Menengok Libya Sebelum Kedatangan Islam

KONFRONTASI-Libya negara berpenduduk mayoritas Muslim yang terbentang di sepanjang pantai timur laut Afrika. Sejarah peradaban Islam mencatat, Negeri Sahara ini memegang peranan penting dalam penyebaran Islam di benua Afrika Utara.

2 Anggota PBB Tewas dalam Insiden Bom di Libya

Konfrontasi - Sebuah bom mobil meledak di kota timur Benghazi, Libya. Insiden ini menewaskan dua orang staf PBB.

Seperti yang dilansir AFP, insiden tersebut terjadi pada Sabtu (10/8/2019) di kawasan distrik Al-Hawari. Pejabat keamanan setempat mengatakan, kejadian itu menewaskan dua anggota PBB dan satu orang asing. Sedangkan korban lainnya mengalami luka-luka.

Serangan Udara Hancurkan Pusat Migran Libya, Puluhan Orang Tewas

KONFRONTASI-Sebuah serangan udara dilaporkan menghantam sebuah pusat migran di Ibu Kota Libya, Tripoli, semalam waktu setempat. Otoritas kesehatan setempat menuturkan puluhan orang tewas dalam serangan tersebut.

Libya migrant centre attack may amount to war crime: UN envoy

KONFRONTASI-The United Nations envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salame, has condemned an air raid on a migrant detention centre in Tripoli that killed dozens of people, saying that the attack "clearly amounts to the level of a war crime". 

The air attack in the early hours of Wednesday intensified concerns about the European Union's policy of teaming up with Libyan militias to block refugees and migrants from crossing the Mediterranean, which often leaves them at the mercy of brutal traffickers or stranded in horrible conditions inside squalid detention centres near the front lines.

It could also lead to greater pressure on renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar, whose forces launched an offensive to seize the capital in April. The Tripoli-based UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) blamed pro-Haftar forces of carrying out the attack on the detention camp.

According to the UN Support Mission in Libya, the air raid killed at least 44 people and wounded more than 130.

"The absurdity of this ongoing war today has led this odious bloody carnage to its most hideous and most tragic consequences," it said in a statement, urging the international community "to denounce this crime and apply appropriate penalties on those who ordered, carried out and provided arms for this operation in a flagrant violation to the international humanitarian law and the simplest humanitarian norms and values".

'Horrific tragedy'

The detention centre, which is located next to a military camp in the eastern suburb of Tajoura, houses more than 600 people, but the part that was hit held some 150 male refugees and migrants from African countries such as Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia.

"This crime came after the statements of the air force commander of Haftar's Libyan National Army, Mohamed Manfour, and therefore it is he who bears its legal and moral responsibility,"  the GNA's Interior Minister Fathi Bashagha told al-Wasat state radio.

On Monday, Manfour said aerial bombardment would be stepped up because "traditional means" to "liberate Tripoli" had been exhausted, and urged residents to stay away from what he called "confrontation areas".

Al Jazeera's Mahmoud Abdelwahed, reporting from Tripoli, said there were fears the death toll could rise as rescue teams were still searching for survivors to transfer them to medical centres on Wednesday.

"Migrants who survived the attack are in a state of panic worried about what will happen to them next following the destruction of the detention centre," he said.

"Many of them were stranded in front of the detention centre until this morning. Others were taken to the medical centres."

'Urgent evacuation'

Haftar's offensive threatens to plunge Libya into another bout of violence on the scale of the 2011 conflict that overthrew longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi and led to his death.

"This is a horrific tragedy that should never have happened," Charlie Yaxley, spokesman for the Mediterranean and Africa at the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), told Al Jazeera from Geneva.

He added that the UNHCR had warned of the dangers faced by the detainees at Tajoura some two months ago when another air raid damaged the centre's roof and wounded two people.

"We called for an urgent evacuation then; they remained detained inside that centre and sadly people have paid the tragic price of that with their life last night", Yaxley said.

"These are refugees, many of them, who left war and persecution and have fled neighbouring countries in the hopes of finding safety and have instead found themselves held in terrible conditions inside these detention centres - but also now, no longer have their physical safety guaranteed either. We need to evacuate people in these detention centres out as a matter of urgency."

Dorong Gencatan Senjata, Presiden Prancis akan Temui Komandan Libya Timur

KONFRONTASI-Presiden Prancis, Emmanuel Macron ingin bertemu dengan komandan Libya timur, Khalifa Haftar, guna mendorong senjata dan melanjutkan kembali pembicaraan damai, kata menteri luar negeri Prancis, Selasa.

Macron pekan lalu menyerukan genjatan senjata bagi pertempuran untuk memperebutkan ibu kota Libya Tripoli setelah menemui Perdana Menteri Libya dukungan PBB Fayez al-Serraj.

Pertempuran di Tripoli Tewaskan 220 Orang, 1.066 Cedera

KONFRONTASI-Sedikitnya 220 orang telah tewas dan ratusan orang lagi cedera dalam bentrokan belum lama ini di pinggir Ibu Kota Libya, Tripoli, kata Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) pada Sabtu.

Sejak awal April, Jenderal Khalifa Haftar --komandan pasukan yang setia kepada pemerintah tandingan di Libya Timur-- telah melancarkan operasi untuk merebut Tripoli, tempat Pemerintah Kesepakatan Nasional (GNA), yang diakui PBB, bermarkas.

Peringatan Sekjen PBB Risiko Konfrontasi di Libya

KOFROTSI -    Antonio Guterres, Sekretaris Jenderal (Sekjen) Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa (PBB), Kamis (4/4/2019), mengatakan pertempuran antar-faksi yang bermusuhan di Libya dapat kembali meletus. Saat pasukan dari timur negara tersebut bergerak menuju Tripoli.

Kantor Kemenlu Libya Dihantam Bom Bunuh Diri

KONFRONTASI- Dua orang pelaku bom bunuh diri dilaporkan meledakkan diri di kantor Kementerian Luar Negeri Libya di Tripoli. Para pelaku juga diketahui sempat melepaskan tembakan sebelum meledakkan diri.

Libya's sovereign wealth fund to move offices after abductions, threats

KONFRONTASI-Libya’s sovereign wealth fund has decided to move from its main office in Tripoli due to security breaches after a number of staff were threatened or abducted, it said in statement on Wednesday.

The Libyan Investment Authority (LIA), which holds about $66 billion-worth of mostly frozen assets, has long been at the center of leadership disputes and power struggles that reflect Libya’s political splits.

Militer Libya Serahkan Kendali Pelabuhan Minyak Pada NOC

KONFRONTASI-Militer yang berpusat di Libya Timur menyerahkan kembali kendali empat pelabuhan minyak kepada Perusahaan Minyak Nasional (NOC), yang berpusat di Ibu Kota Libya, Tripoli, dan berada di bawah pemerintah persatuan, dukungan PBB.

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