26 May 2018

Iran

Iran Anggap Menlu AS Terjebak Dalam Khayalan Lama

KONFRONTASI-Setelah seorang panglima Pengawal Revolusi mengungkapkan kekesalan kepada Menteri Luar Negeri Amerika Serikat Mike Pompeo sehari lalu dengan menyatakan rakyat Iran ingin menampar wajahnya, gilian Menteri Luar Negeri Mohammad Javad Zarif yang mengungkapkan kegusarannya kepada Mike Pompeo.

Rakyat Iran Bakal Permalukan Menlu AS

KONFRONTASI-Wakil Komandan Basis Garda Revolusi Sarollah Iran, Ismail Kowsari, pada Selasa mencemooh ancaman Amerika Serikat (AS) memperketat sanksi dengan mengatakan bahwa rakyat di Republik Islam Iran akan menanggapi dengan membuat malu Menteri Luar Negeri AS Mike Pompeo.

Pompeo pada Senin (21/5) di Washington DC meyatakan bahwa akan memberlakukan hukuman baru, jika Teheran tidak melakukan perubahan besar, termasuk meninggalkan program nuklirnya dan menarik diri dari perang saudara Suriah.

Dua minggu setelah Presiden AS Donald Trump menarik diri dari kesepakatan nuklir internasional dengan Iran, Pemerintah AS mengancam memaksakan "sanksi terkuat dalam sejarah" sekaligus menetapkan Washington dan Teheran dalam posisi konfrontasi.

"Rakyat Iran harus bersatu dalam menghadapi ini dan mereka akan mempermalukan Menteri Luar Negeri Amerika dan siapa saja yang mendukung mereka," kata Ismail Kowsari di Tehran, yang dilaporkan Kantor Berita Buruh Iran (ILNA) dan dikutip Reuters.

Membatasi kemampuan misil Iran adalah salah satu tuntutan utama Mike Pompeo, yang sebelumnya menjabat Direktur Pusat Agen Intelijen AS (CIA)..

"Siapa Anda dan Amerika untuk memberitahu kita membatasi jangkauan misil balistik?" kata Kowsari.

Ia menimpali, "Sejarah menunjukkan bahwa dengan serangan di Hiroshima dan Nagasaki, maka Amerika adalah penjahat teratas berkaitan dengan misil."

Khamenei Serukan Negara-negara Islam Bersatu Menentang Kejahatan AS dan Israel

KONFRONTASI- Pemimpin spiritual Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei mengatakan bahwa Amerika Serikat (AS) telah menjadi sekutu Israel dalam kejahatan baru-baru ini terhadap rakyat Palestina.

What's next for Iran?

KONFRONTASI-Iran's foreign minister has been touring world capitals to try and save the 2015 Iran nuclear deal after the US' withdrawal.

Pledges of continued support from China and Russia were no surprise. Even the European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini's support was expected; she's been an outspoken supporter of the agreement and her public remarks have made her a popular figure in Iran.

But talks in coming weeks with the leaders of Germany, France and the United Kingdom are likely to be more complicated. 

US President Donald Trump has been a critic of Iran's involvement in conflicts in the Middle East since he was a presidential candidate.

In an effort to placate the Americans, Europe's leaders will be looking for concessions on Iran's ballistic missiles programme, and are likely to raise the issue of Tehran's support for President Bashar al-Assad in Syria, groups such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, and the Houthi rebels in Yemen.

Iran's leaders say these relationships are part of a forward defensive strategy, all part of living in a tough neighbourhood, and that ballistic missiles are a necessity against the United States and other powerful countries in the region. 

Despite suggestions by European signatories, Iran says compromising its self-defence capability is off the table, even if it means scrapping the nuclear agreement.

"National security is a [necessity] for any activities in a country," said Kamal Dehghani, a member of Iran's parliament and the deputy chairman of the parliamentary commission on national security and foreign policy.

"If we cannot guarantee national security, we can never [have] economic development and public welfare," Dehghani added.

"The first step and foundation for a country is national security. Under the shadow of national security, national interests can be met."

Trust deficit

World leaders worry that Iran's rockets could someday carry a nuclear warhead. But Iran has been clear on that issue; Iran never intends on pursuing a nuclear bomb. But it seems many world leaders are unwilling to listen.

"Never," said Dahghani, when asked if Iran would ever build a nuclear weapon. "We have committed to the world that despite having enough nuclear knowledge to use nuclear power in many ways, we will only use it for peaceful purposes."

So, why doesn't anyone believe Iran?

Hamed Mousavi is a professor of political science at Tehran University. He says it's a problem of messaging. In the face of the bully pulpit that the American presidency has become, Iran is struggling to have its voice heard.

"I think Iran's [public relations] campaign is much much weaker than what the Israelis and the Americans have in terms of media outlets, in terms of the movie industry," Mousavi said.

"So they have all sorts of these tools to try to accuse Iran and Iran essentially has not really adopted wise policies in this regard. Giving our message to the world has not really been our strong point for perhaps even the past four decades." 

Iran's desire to keep itself safe goes back to the beginning of the Islamic Republic.

At the Tehran Peace Museum, many of the installations are about the war with Iraq in the 1980s.

Iraq under Saddam Hussein invaded Iran shortly after the 1979 revolution. The US as well as many of Iran's Gulf Arab neighbours supported Hussein in the eight-year conflict. 

Post-revolution Iran was outgunned and unprepared to take on an enemy with a more modern military, as well as short and long-range missiles. The conflict ended in a stalemate and hundreds of thousands of people died on both sides.

Iranians say they still remember the sound of air raid sirens on the radio and on TV, whenever an Iraqi jet on a bombing run or an Iraqi ballistic missile would be spotted in the skies over an Iranian city. For eight long years, people here say they looked up at the skies in constant fear.

That conflict shaped the way Iran looks at national security issues. The country's collective trauma changed how civilian and military leaders make decisions about present-day defence policies.

Iranians say they never again want to be in the position of coming under attack without being able to respond. So, even though it may be the excuse Europe's leaders use to distance themselves from Iran, the ballistic missiles programme is likely to be around indefinitely.

Rusia Anggap Keputusan AS Tarik Diri dari Pakta Nuklir Iran Gegabah

KONFRONTASI-Wakil Menteri Luar Negeri Rusia Sergei Ryabkov hari ini menyatakan bahwa adalah mungkin saja membahas masa depan perjanjian nuklir Iran tanpa keterlibatan Amerika Serikat, lapor kantor berita RIA Novosti.

Sebaliknya Ryabkov menyatakan adalah mustahil melindungi pakta nuklir itu tanpa ada konsesi dari Iran.

Ryabkov kemudian menyebut keputusan AS menarik diri dari pakta nuklir Iran sebagai gegabah, padahal AS sedang membahas masalah nuklir di Semenanjung Korea.[mr/tar]

Ulama Iran Ini Ancam Musnahkan Tel Aviv Jika Israel Bertindak Bodoh

KONFRONTASI- Seorang ulama senior Iran menyatakan hari ini bahwa jika Israel bertindak bodoh maka ibu kota negara itu, Tel Aviv, dan salah satu kotanya yang lain, Haifa, akan dimusnahkan.

Erdogan: Keputusan AS Mundur dari Perundingan Nuklir Iran Bikin Negara Berkembang Menderita

KONFRONTASI-Presiden Turki, Tayyip Erdogan menyatakan, Amerika Serikat (AS) akan menciptakan masalah baru, baik dari segi politik ataupun dari segi ekonomi dengan mundur dari kesepakatan nuklir Iran. 

Ali Khamenei: Jangan Percaya kepada Tiga Negara Eropa tentang JCPOA!

KONFRONTASI - Pemimpin Besar Revolusi Islam Iran, Ayatullah al-Udzma Sayid Ali Khamenei menyinggung pernyataan sejumlah pihak tentang kelanjutan perjanjian nuklir JCPOA (Rencana Aksi Bersama Komprehensif) dengan tiga negara Eropa.

Ayatullah Khamenei menyarankan untuk tidak percaya tentang perundingan dengan tiga negara Eropa (Inggris, Perancis dan Jerman) terkait dengan kelanjutan JCPOA.

Majority of Americans believe US should stay in Iran nuclear deal

KONFRONTASI-Almost two-thirds of Americans believe that the United States should not withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal, with hours to go until US President Donald Trump decides whether to keep Washington in the international agreement.

According to a new CNN poll conducted by SSRS, 63 percent of Americans believe Trump should stay in the deal while only 29 percent say he should withdraw.

Trump to reveal Iran decision, Europeans doubt he will stick with nuclear deal

KONFRONTASI-U.S. President Donald Trump will announce on Tuesday whether he will pull out of the Iran nuclear deal or stay in and work with European allies who have struggled to persuade him that it has halted Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

Trump has consistently threatened to pull out of the 2015 agreement because it does not address Iran’s ballistic missile program or its role in wars in Syria and Yemen, and does not permanently prevent Tehran from developing nuclear weapons.

European leaders have warned that a U.S. withdrawal would undo years of work that led to and sustained a landmark deal that has kept nuclear weapons out of Iran’s hands

But a senior French official doubted Trump had taken heed of European concerns.

“I think in Washington it was quite clear the president was convinced that Trump was heading to a negative decision so we have been preparing more aggressively the hypotheses of a partial or total pullout”, the official said.

Two other European officials also said they expected Trump to pull out of the accord.

Such a move could ratchet up tensions in a region riven with interrelated wars, including the multi-layered conflict in Syria where Iran’s presence has brought it into conflict with Israel.

Reflecting those strains, Iran’s Armed Forces Chief Major General Mohammad Bagheri said Iran’s military power would defuse any threat to Tehran, while Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu accused Iran of deploying “very dangerous weapons” in Syria to threaten Israel.

A decision to quit the deal could also rattle oil markets due to Iran’s role as a major exporter, and critics say it could also harm Trump’s efforts to reach a deal in nuclear talks with North Korea, a prospect he has dismissed.

“This deal ... is a factor of peace and stabilization in a very eruptive region,” French Defense Minister Florence Parly told RTL radio.

Trump, in a tweet on Monday, said he would make the announcement at 2 p.m. (1800 GMT) on Tuesday.

Iran suggested its economy would not be hurt whatever happened, but its rial was near record lows against the dollar in the free market as Iranians tried to buy hard currency, fearing financial turmoil if Trump quits the deal.

“We are prepared for all scenarios. If America pulls out of the deal, our economy will not be impacted,” central bank chief Valiollah Seif said on state television.

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