15 September 2019

Bosnia

Two Bosnians jailed for plotting Islamist attack on state police

KONFRONTASI-Bosnia’s state court on Thursday sentenced two radical Islamists to four and 2-1/2 years respectively in prison after convicting them of plotting a terrorist attack on security police.

Maksim Bozic, an Orthodox Serb convert to Islam, and Edin Hastor, a Bosniak Muslim, both members of the ultra-conservative Salafi movement, were found guilty of cooperating with unnamed persons in obtaining weapons and explosive device.

Bangkitnya Islam di Bosnia

KONFRONTASI -  Bosnia dan Herzegovina pada 1992-1995 merupakan masa kelam bagi Muslim. Mereka mengalami pembersihan etnis yang dilakukan Serbia dan Krosia. 

Serb Chetnik gathering in Bosnia's Visegrad raises alarm

KONFRONTASI-A gathering of supporters of the far-right Chetnik paramilitary movement in Bosnia's eastern city of Visegrad, the site of past atrocities by the force, has raised alarm among residents, as well as local and international officials.

Some 200 followers of the ultra-nationalist movement on Sunday assembled in the city to commemorate the arrest of founder Draza Mihailovic by Yugoslavia's forces in 1944.

Mihailovic was a Yugoslav Serb general who formed Chetnik detachments during World War II, many of which collaborated with Nazi forces.

After the war, he was convicted of high treason and war crimes and executed in 1946 in Belgrade. In 2015, however, he was rehabilitated by a Belgrade court, which ruled that the former trial was politically and ideologically motivated.

The Visegrad gathering, which saw uniform-wearing participants singing songs that included lines such as, "There will be hell, the Drina will be bloody, here come the Chetniks from the Serb mountains" provoked wariness and fear among Bosniak residents who survived some of the worst atrocities committed by Chetniks.

During the war in Bosnia in the early 1990s, Chetnik forces killed around 3,000 Bosniak civilians in Visegrad as they claimed the area for a Greater Serbia. The line about Drina river refers to the massacres committed against Bosniaks in World War II as well as during the early 1990s, after which their bodies were thrown into the river.

"It's horrible," Bakira Hasecic, a rape survivor from Visegrad and head of the Woman - Victim of War association told local media. "[The group of Chetniks] cross the border [from Serbia] wearing the same or similar uniforms they wore when they committed atrocities against us."

Dragan Mektic, Bosnia's minister of security, condemned the gathering and called for the passing of laws "that will precisely prescribe how and under which conditions different associations can be registered [as NGOs]".

Dunja Mijatovic, the commissioner for human rights for the Council of Europe, was among international officials who denounced the event in Visegrad, and urged Bosnia's authorities to take action.

But Dusan Sladojevic, one of the organisers of the gathering, rejected the criticism as a consequence of "unfortunate Communist brainwashing".

Speaking to told local media, he said participants were seeking to commemorate the "commander of the Yugoslavian army, a man who dedicated his life to freeing the Serbian people, as well as the development of democracy and defending the homeland from fascist aggressors".

Hujan Meteor Hiasi Langit Bosnia

KONFRONTASI-Hujan meteor menghiasi langit gelap Bosnia timur pada Sabtu malam. Penonton mendapat kesempatan langka untuk menyaksikan rangkaian "bintang jatuh" dengan mata telanjang.

'Bagaimana Kita Pantas Mendapatkan Pembantaian ini?', Tanya Muslim Bosnia

KONFRONTASI -  Eldin Elezovic memimpikan menjadi bintang sepak bola saat tumbuh di Stolac, sebah kota kecil di Republik Sosialis Bosnia dan Herzegovina yang menjadi wiayah bagian Yugoslavia. Pada bulan Juni 1993 itu, ia ingat menghabiskan hari musim panas yang sedang bermain sepak bola dengan teman-temannya. Ini akan menjadi hari terakhir kebebasannya untuk sembilan bulan ke depan.

Pelajaran Sangat Berharga Dari Genosida Umat Islam Bosnia

Oleh: Ilham Tirta

 


(Refleksi Terhadap Toleransi Beragama)

Pada abad ke-13, Bosnia adalah negara dengan mayoritas Muslim. Mereka hidup damai dengan kaum minoritas. Pada masa itu, setidaknya ada 45 persen dari 4,7 juta warga Bosnia memeluk agama Islam. Sisanya adalah Kristen Ortodoks, Katolik, Protestan, dan lainnya.

Arus modernisasi membuat penduduk Bosnia mengikuti gaya Eropa pada umumnya. Identitas agama tidak lagi terlihat mencolok. Semua hidup berdampingan dengan damai dalam bingkai kerukunan antarumat beragama.

Perjalanan 'Kontrak Mati' Soeharto Membantu Muslim Bosnia

KONFRONTASI - Presiden ke-2 RI, Soeharto banyak mendapat sorotan dunia internasional ketika masih menjabat, salah satunya, adalah ketika pada dasawarsa 90-an, ia berkunjung ke kawasan Bosnia saat perang saudara Bosnia-Herzegovina bergolak. Ketika itu, Soeharto ingin menunjukkan simpati kepada kaum Muslim di sana, yang dalam posisi sebagai minoritas menjadi bulan-bulanan kebrutalan kelompok etnis lain.

Anti Mainstream, Suporter Bosnia Teriak Palestina dan Tolak Tribut untuk Prancis

Konfrontasi - Suporter Bosnia melakukan perlawanan frontal saat tim kesayangannya berjibaku kontra Irlandia pada leg kedua playoff Piala Eropa 2016 di Stadium Aviva, Selasa (17/11) dini hari WIB kemarin.

Saat itu, para penonton diminta mengheningkan cipta selama 30 menit untuk mengenang korban teror Paris. Namun, para suporter Bosnia justru enggan melakukannya.

Cedera, Dzeko Bakal Absen di Pertandingan Terakhir Kualifikasi Euro 2016

Konfrontasi - Penyerang Bosnia Edin Dzeko bakal absen dari dua pertandingan terakhir kualifikasi Euro 2016 mereka di kandang melawan Wales pada 10 Oktober dan bertandang ke Siprus tiga hari kemudian karena mengalami cedera lutut.

Dzeko, yang dipinjamkan ke AS Roma dari Manchester City, akan menepi hingga enam minggu setelah mengalami cedera di lututnya saat menang 5-1 atas pendatang baru Carpi di kompetisi Serie A Italia, Sabtu.

Russia urges punishment for Bosnia massacre culprits

KONFRONTASI - Russia’s Foreign Ministry has called for the punishment of all those responsible for the massacre of nearly 8,000 Muslims in Bosnia in 1995 “as soon as possible” despite vetoing a UN Security Council resolution censuring the event as a “crime of genocide” just days ago.

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